Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. In Spain, White Terror also known as Represi n Franquista refers to acts of politically motivated violence committed by the Nationalist movement during the Spanish Civil War and during Francisco Franco’s dictatorship. The mass executions started at the beginning of the civil war on July and continued after the war until Most historians agree that the death toll of the White Terror was much higher than that of the Red Terror, and the White Terror occurred over a much longer period, continuing after the war. While most estimates of the Red Terror range from 38, to 72, lives the collective work: Victimas de la guerra civil: The government, led by President Niceto Alcal -Zamora, instituted a reformist program, including agrarian reform, separation of church and state, the right to divorce, votes for women November , reform of the Army, autonomy for Catalonia and the Basque Country October The Republic suffered attacks from the right the failed coup of Sanjurjo in , and the left the uprising of Asturias in , as well as the impact of the Great Depression.
Natives with “golden mirrors around their necks” told of “many places. Costa Ricans are called ticos, which derives from their appending the Spanish -ico diminutive to the standard -ito. Its territory is 19, square miles 51, square kilometers.
May 05, · The Spanish civil war became such an ideological battle that foreign nationals identifying as leftists or rightists joined the fight, as well as there being assistance by leftist-aligned and rightist-aligned countries.
Abstract 1 Inspired by forensic exhumations that have occurred in the context of transitional justice processes elsewhere, Spanish civil society associations since have helped relatives of the disappeared locate, exhume and honor those who were killed in the Spanish Civil War and the ensuing Francisco Franco dictatorship. In the process, they have creatively adopted, applied and reinterpreted practices originally developed for state-led democratic transitions to civil society initiatives.
In this article, I explore the ways transitional justice concepts take on a social life beyond their juridical applications. In so doing, I take these exhumations as an opportunity to examine some of the tensions between the bureaucratic state-led models of transitional justice that inspired Spanish activists and the civil society reinterpretations that mark forensic practice in contemporary Spain.
The practice of Spanish organizations offers new avenues for understanding and ameliorating the tense relationship between the bureaucratic and legal needs of forensic exhumations and the desires and expectations of victims. Published by Oxford University Press. For Permissions, please email journals.
Hell and Good Company
Search The Marxist Roots of Feminism Why angry leftist politics are more dear to the heart of feminism than the treatment of women. With few exceptions, feminists have been silent—which is nothing new for them. As David Horowitz recalled in the early s: As Ann Coulter wrote in Human Events:
This page intentionally left blank The Spanish Republic and Civil War The Spanish Civil War has gone down in history for the horrific violence that it generated.
In the glare of Spanish summer, the first witnesses to the igniting civil war are leaving to tell the world. They crowd the deck of an overburdened Spanish boat hired to evacuate them, pressing at the dockside railing for a last look. Above the harbor the high pedestaled statue of Christopher Columbus, its gilding gone like Spanish power, points them west to the New World, but the promenade of the Ramblas behind it that follows an old streambed up into the heart of the city is strewn with shattered trees, dead horses, burned cars.
The city has been pacified and crowds sing, but fascist snipers still hammer death from rooftops and empty windows. A young American woman at the railing, Muriel Rukeyser, poet leaving to tell the world, locates her Bavarian lover on the crowded pier— At the end of July, exile. We watch the gangplank go. They met on the tourist train coming down from Paris, the tall, voluptuous woman and the tall, lean man, a runner, an exiled anti-Nazi.
They wasted no time. Three days and nights of lovemaking with no common language on the hot train halted by the general strike outside the battling city and then he released her, joined the International Column—.
Patriots beware! ANTIFA plans armed uprising on November 4!
Abstract During the excavation of the Spanish Civil War mass grave at La Pedraja Burgos, Spain , individuals were found interred within it, 45 of which displayed brains that were preserved but dehydrated and reduced in size. This exceptional finding has resulted in the formation of a multidisciplinary team, with the aim of obtaining as much information as possible and to primarily understand the taphonomic phenomena that has led to the preservation of these brains. The following types of analyses were undertaken on three of these brains: The historical context was considered, plus all archaeological and other forensic data provided by the investigation of the mass grave.
The results of the analyses on these morphologically identifiable human brains confirmed the presence of nerve structures, fatty acids, and in one case ante-mortem evidence for an intracranial haemorrhage.
To win it must be with the brutality and speed of the Spanish civil war where attacks on leftist strongholds are launched immediately, and not repeating the mistake of the Russian Civil war of trying to hold the countryside while the left controls the cities.
Email Last Updated May 19, 9: Now the Unicef name will grace the butt of every Barca player , and that symbolism tells you all you need to know about the dominance of sponsor money in football. Facebook Favors Manchester United Over Barcelona in Champions League A football shirt design can seem trivial, but this is Barcelona, one of the biggest sport brands on the planet.
Not helping matters are the recent allegations that Qatar bribed some of the FIFA judges to get the World Cup; and that Qatar will likely lose money by hosting the tournament. It’s all anathema to Barcelona, a club that is owned by its fans and has a leftist tradition dating back to the Spanish Civil War. Barcelona has literally and metaphorically sold out because the club has the same economic problems everyone else does — crushing debt caused by spiraling player acquisition costs.
The club’s marketing director, Laurent Colette, recently told the French media that Barca may have had to do the unthinkable — sell Lionel Messi, the best football player in the world — if it had not taken the Qatari money:
The Left’s Civil War Heats Up . . . And Becomes Deadly. What’s Next? Are You Ready?
Why the Spanish Revolution Today? The Spanish Revolution was, in light of this history, the richest and deepest social revolution of the twentieth century. Catalonia in was more broadly industrial than Russia in , and the Catalan, Aragonese and Levantine peasants who formed collectives in mostly supported the revolution wholeheartedly, in contrast to the grudging support of the Russian peasants for the Bolsheviks, as the little-loved but lesser evil to the Whites.
This experience and its implications have not been fully absorbed by the contemporary revolutionary left. Spain was the supreme historical test for anarchism, which it failed, in the same way that Russia was, to date, the supreme test of, at least, Leninism, if not of Marxism itself. But dealing critically with contemporary anarchism is hardly my main concern[ 5 ] except by ricochet from the failures of anarchism in Spain.
Sep 04, · Love in the Time of Civil War (French: L’amour au temps de la guerre civile) is a Canadian drama film directed by Rodrigue Jean. It was selected to be screened in the Contemporary World Cinema section at the Toronto International Film Festival.
However, local republican authorities often pushed reforms to extremes: To the other, it was teetering on the brink of the abyss. Local Falangist sympathizers and disaffected police officers went on a rampage, detaining the socialist mayor Mariano Castillo Carrasco, who committed suicide on July 31 after writing a lengthy letter expressing his fervent desire that his blood be the last to be shed, 2 and assassinating members of his family and various other townspeople.
Similar incidents occurred in other towns throughout the zone. The new mayors imposed by these groups were expected to unfailingly toe the nationalist political line: Its affiliates served on sixty-six of the eighty-three new municipal councils created in the region and the mayors of twenty-three municipalities in Aragon were members of the CNT. Its closest political rival was the UGT, with representatives in forty-three councils and sixteen mayors. In the summer of , President Nerin dispatched several battalions of the International Brigades under the command of Enrique Lister to Aragon to disband the Council and bring some order to the region in preparation for a major offensive on the Ebro.
Is The Black Nationalist “Hotep” Movement An Ally In The War Against Globalist Elites?
Its membership rosters have exploded since the presidential election. Since then, the organization has been a fringe movement, with few members and no attention. The election of Donald Trump, which has polarized millions of Americans, has infused the organization with new life. They are also violent, by design. They train members to disguise themselves and to engage in street combat.
Correlates of War estimates the fatalities of the Nicaraguan conflicts at 35, during the Sandinista Revolution and 43, during the Contra War (Correlates of War). Therefore, the total estimated death toll caused by the two conflicts is approximately 78,
Michael is the author of Staying Married in a Degenerate Age. Follow him on Twitter or Facebook. You can read more of his writing at Honor and Daring. Over the past several months on Twitter I started to notice tweets from black men that echoed many of the idea you will find in the manosphere. But should the ROK community also welcome Hoteps as allies or is the group suspect? Who are the Hoteps? From the outside, the Hotep movement looks like a mildly black nationalist movement.
Spanish Civil War
He travels the world looking for new fighting techniques and new beautiful women. Eastern Europe taught him everything he knows and is his second home. His column runs every Thursday. Since last November, three words have been ringing in my head:
DOI: / Julius Ruiz Seventy Years On: Historians and Repression During and After the Spanish Civil War Abstract The issue of repression remains one of the most controversial issues arising from the Spanish Civil War and General Franco’s unconditional victory in
The first fact to become apparent was a marked Jewish over-representation in the production of books deemed controversial or perverse by parents, schools, and other institutions. Jews are notoriously shy of the census, but are probably somewhere between the 2. A great deal of Jewish radical activism in the cultural sphere comes under the umbrella of the general relationship between Jews and the Left. This relationship can historically be understood as involving Jewish innovation of, or support for, social, cultural, and political causes likely to weaken the cultural structures of the host society and make it more amenable to Jewish interests.
Robert Lichter, who remarked in their Roots of Radicalism: Jews, Christians, and the New Left For example, several of the Jewish writers under consideration here are homosexuals, radical socialists, and feminists. Excellent case studies in this regard can be found in Jewish lesbian feminist writers — figures who are, on the surface at least, incompatible with a group evolutionary strategy. After all, how could women who have personally forfeited reproduction be said to engage in a Darwinian struggle?
However, history tells us that it has been quite possible for Jewish celibates and homosexuals to contribute in some form to group advancement. A useful example is my own recent review of the work of R.